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Definitions
Who Are the Highly Gifted?
Florida Definition
 

Definitions of "Gifted"    
There are many definitions for "gifted."  States and school districts often adopt regulations spelling out their definition of gifted for the purpose of identifying students to be served in gifted programs. Florida's definition

 
A generally accepted definition comes from National Excellence: A Case for Developing America's Talent - October, 1993:
  Children and youth with outstanding talent perform or show the potential for performing at remarkably high levels of accomplishment when compared with others of their age, experience, or environment. These children and youth exhibit high performance capability in intellectual, creative, and/or artistic areas, possess an unusual leadership capacity, or excel in specific academic fields. They require services or activities not ordinarily provided by the schools.  

The Columbus Group offers this definition:

 

"Giftedness is asynchronous development in which advanced cognitive abilities and heightened intensity combine to create inner experiences and awareness that are qualitatively different from the norm."    
(The Columbus Group, 1991)

See:  Giftedness as Asynchronous Development by Stephanie Tolan
 
 
Another definition is listed by the Australian Government:
  "Giftedness" refers to a student's outstanding ability in one or more domains (e.g. intellectual, artistic or sensorimotor) and "talent" refers to outstanding performance in one or more fields within these domains: that is, talent emerges from ability as a consequence of the student's learning experience.      http://www.eddept.wa.edu.au/gifttal/giftdef.htm  
Additional Readings on definitions of gifted
    NAGC - Who Are the Gifted?

 
 
Who are the Highly Gifted?  
From the Hollingworth Center for Highly Gifted Children:  
  Highly gifted children tend to be those who demonstrate asynchronous development. Due to their high cognitive abilities and high intensities they experience and relate to the world in unique ways. These children are often found as a result of extremely high scores on an individually scored IQ tests, generally above the 140 IQ range. Others may be prodigies in areas such as math, science, language and/or the arts. Profoundly gifted children can score in excess of 170 IQ.

Highly gifted children demonstrate characteristics such as the extreme need to:
 
  •learn at a much faster pace
  •process material to a much greater depth
  •show incredible intensity in energy, imagination,intellectual prowess, 
   sensitivity, and emotion which are not typical in the general population.

The child of 160+ is as different from the child of 130 IQ as that child is different from the child of average ability. Current research suggests that there may be higher incidence of children in this high range than previously thought. Due to their unique characteristics, these children are particularly vulnerable. Highly gifted children need a specialized advocacy because very little has been done to develop appropriate curriculum and non-traditional options for these children.
 
 
Additional Readings on Highly Gifted
     
Florida's Definition    
SBE Administrative Rule 6A – 6.03019  - Special Instructional Programs for Students Who Are Gifted

 Gifted. One who has superior intellectual development and is capable of high performance.